Agile Methodology is usually a throng of various agile methodologies. The term ‘Agile’ is basically an umbrella term in various approaches of project management which are characterized by the capability to let projects teams to response to the changing priorities and needs by employing incremental packages of work. Agile Methodologies are the models employed in the arena of system development. While every agile method possesses common characteristics, every method possesses unique processes which set them apart. Agile methods are defined to be the drastic rate of change in modern IT and business environments. High dynamic environments ask for software development teams which could respond to the change and consistently offer business value.
When wasteful and inflexible processes of software development are making your business inefficient, it is the time when you should introduce an agile methodology. Now the question comes which agile development methodology is more suitable for your own situation. From the implementation standpoint, every methodology has its own terminology, tactics and practices. Here are some of the most important agile methodologies that will help you to sort your question. Let’s take a look on these:
Scrum is an iterative, incremental and agile developing method that assumes chaos and changes persist via whole life-cycle of a project and try to settle these issues. The method is designed for adding energy, clarity, transparency and focus to project teams’ software development systems. It permits team for operating in close proximity to stimulate system evolution. It is a well-defined method framework to study your work. If your team is not used to agile methods, then using scrum will be a pretty change them. They would have to begin to work in iterations, develop cross-functional teams, appoint a Scrum master and a product owner as well as introduce meetings on regular basis to have everyday status updates, iteration planning and sprint reviews.
The advantages of Scrum methodology include various aspects like less superfluous specifications, fewer handovers for cross-functional teams and more pliability in planning roadmap for shorter sprints. It will be a significant shift if you switch your enterprise to utilize Scrum. This would shake up the old habits and turn them into more efficient ones. If your business really is stuck and requires a significant shift towards more effective process, then Scrum could be more suitable.
The Kanban methodology is in a way less structured in comparison to Scrum. It is not at all process framework but basically a model to introduce change via incremental improvements. You would be able to apply principles of Kanban to every process you are running already. In this methodology, you will organize your work on the Kanban board. This board consists of states as columns that each work thing passes along, from left to right. Kanban has introduced only just one management criteria and that is known as ‘Work In Progress WIP’. You could be able to boost the flow of working items by managing this WIP.
Kanaban is the method to manage products creation with special emphasis on continuous delivery and not overloading the development team. It promotes constant collaboration and inspires ongoing, active learning and refining by defining the best team workflow possible. If you have already working methods that you wish to refine over time without swinging up the entire system, Kanban would be an ideal tool to opt for.
Kent Beck originally described XP and it has flourished as one of the most controversial and popular agile methodologies. It is an authorized approach to deliver software of high-quality quickly and constantly. It elevates high involvement of customer, fast feedback loops, constant testing, constant planning as well as close team work for delivering working software at more frequent intervals, every 1 to 3 weeks. The actual XP process base on simple four values and they are communication, simplicity, courage and feedback.
The ‘Customer’ in XP operates very closely with development team for defining and prioritizing granular functional units, called as ‘User Stories’. This development team evaluates, plans as well as delivers the best priority user stories in the way of tested, working software on the basis of iteration by iteration. For maximizing productivity, the practices offer a lightweight, supportive framework for guiding a team and assure high-quality software.
XP was developed for problem domains that need change. Your customers might not possess a firm idea about what the system must do. The functionality of a system might be expected to alter every few months. In various software environments, dynamic changing needs is just constant. These are the situation when Extreme Programming would succeed and other methodologies won’t.
The Crystal methodology, originated by Alistair Cockburn is known as one of the most adaptable, lightweight approaches to software development. Crystal basically consist a group of agile methodologies like Crystal Yellow, Crystal Clear, Crystal Orange and many others. Various factors like system criticality, project priorities and team size drive their special characteristics. This method realizes that every project might need a little tailored set of practices, processes and policies for meeting the unique characteristics of the project. Similar to other agile methodologies, Crystal develops frequent, early delivery of adaptability, removal of distractions or bureaucracy, working software and high user involvement.
The DSDM was formulated for overcoming few limitations of the techniques such as RAD (Rapid Application Development). It consists of the total development cycle and offers several features, including iterative, increment development and user involvement, integrated test at every phase, refine frequency delivery, etc. This method particularly considers ‘fitness for business purpose’ as the main criteria for acceptance and delivery of a system.
Jeff De Luca originally articulated and developed the Feature Driven Development variant of agile soft development methodology. It is the method utilized at higher level to manage projects. It employs a wrapper methodology that would let you to employ other methodologies also at lower level. It would help you in analyzing things about the project status at a granular level. FDD uses practices like Feature development, Object Modeling Domain, Teams, Inspections and other for designing and delivering the project.
Current enterprise solutions are complex as per the fast change in business requirements. As a result, the agile methodologies that are adaptable to speed, change and responsive are suited well to projects of software development. Your enterprise would have to consider which of the agile methodologies are valuable for it or some particular projects. You can choose distinct agile methodologies or customize any of the features which would match your company’s condition and projects.